Hernia is said to occur if an organ pushes through a weakened section of a muscle wall or tissue that holds it. Hernias commonly occur in the abdominal area but they also appear in the groin area or around the upper thigh. Depending upon the location of their occurrence they are classified into different categories.
Common Types of Hernias
- Inguinal hernia: This is the most commonly occurring form of hernia, constituting a major percentage of the total occurrence. It is normally prevalent more in men than women and take place when the intestines push through a tear or a weakened spot in the lower abdominal canal.
- Hiatal hernia: In this type, a section of the stomach pushes into the chest area through a weakened spot in the diaphragm. This type is more commonly found in adults above 50 years of age. Gastroesophageal reflux is one of the always occurring symptoms in this type.
- Umbilical hernia: This type is commonly found in infants and babies less than six months old. Here the intestines protrude through the wall of the abdomen near the bellybutton. This is the only type that resolves on its own by the time the child is 12 months of
- Femoral hernia: This type is more common among females than males and are normally located around the groin crease.
- Epigastric hernia: More prevalent among males, this type occurs because of a weakened area or opening in the upper abdominal muscles between the breastbone and the bellybutton.
- Incisional hernia: This occurrence is normally seen after an abdominal surgery has taken place wherein the intestines protrude through the incision scar or the area that has yet to heal.
- Muscle hernia: This type is caused due to a sports injury and happens when a muscle part protrudes through the abdomen.
Traditional method of hernia treatment is through surgery known as the herniorrhapy. General or local anaesthesia is used for the purpose. However, today there is more and more preference for getting this surgery done via the laparoscope. This is because of the several advantages offered by this mode.
The laparoscopic treatment for hernia is a normal day case procedure involving a quicker recovery periods, lesser post-surgery pain and lesser medications as compared to the traditional method. There is lesser incidence of damage to the nearby tissue and minimal blood loss. Aesthetically it is a superior mode as smaller incisions need to be made. It is better to compare the hernia surgery cost for both the modes and then weigh it against the advantages offered via the laparoscopy mode. A good doctor for hernia surgery can explain the pros and cons of each surgery mode to enable you to make the right decision.
There are a couple of other options of hernia treatment without surgery. The first option is undergoing lifestyle changes which is useful especially in the case of treating hiatal hernia. Reducing intake of spicy and tomato-based foods, reducing weight, avoidance of smoking are some of the helping measures in this category.
Other option is medication which also is more useful for treating hiatal hernia.
Laparoscopic surgery for treating symptoms of several afflictions has established itself and is being increasingly sought out in today’s times by most of the affected population.