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What Is Fistula

Fistula can be described as a narrow tunnel with its’s internal opening in the anal canal an it’s external opening in the skin near the anus.

Commonly, occurs in people with perianal abscesses. They can form when anal abscesses do not heal properly.

A fistula can form anywhere between the intestine and the skin, or between the vagina and the rectum, creating an abnormal passage that connects two organs or vessels that do not normally connect. The most common location for a fistula is around the arsehole. 

The anus is a channel through which faeces exit the body. Several small glands produce mucus within the anus. These glands can become clogged and infected, resulting in an abscess. Approximately half of these abscesses will develop into a fistula.

So, to learn more about symptoms, causes, procedures, and laser treatment for fistula in Mumbai, book an appointment online with an anal fistula doctor at a leading hospital - Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital.

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Fistula Causes

An anal abscess causes approximately half of all anal fistulas. An anal fistula can also be caused by:

02.
Hidradenitis suppurativa. A skin condition characterised by abscesses and scarring.
03.
Crohn’s disease A type of inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammation of the digestive tract.
04.
Diverticulitis Small infected sacks protruding from the large intestine's side.
05.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
06.
Tuberculosis or HIV infection.
07.
Types of Cancer.
Fistula - Symptoms
Recurrent boils at perianal region
Pus, serous fluid or rarely feces discharge can be bloody or purulent.
Treatment for Fistula in Mumbai

Anal fistula treatment can be extremely complicated. The majority of the time, they are treated with pain medication, but to cure an anal fistula, patients almost always require laser surgery. Although most laser treatments for fistula in Mumbai are performed as outpatient procedures, very large and deep fistula tunnels may necessitate a brief hospital stay.

Because a fistula is an epithelialized tunnel that connects a clogged gland inside the anal canal to the outside skin, Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital’s specialist surgeons recommend the following surgical options for anal fistulas:

  • Fistulotomy:It treats the sphincter muscle that is involved in anal fistulas. It has a ninety-seven percent success rate. Over the tunnel, our surgeon slices through the skin and muscles to create a groove that heals from the inside out.
  • Seton placement and surgery: Complex fistulas are treated with a specific drain, which is left in place for at least six weeks before being repaired surgically. It causes the inflammation to subside and the fistula to drain in a regulated manner, with normal bowel function and no pain.
  • Laser treatment for fistula: Fistula epithelium is destroyed by laser transmission through a radial fibre during fistula surgery. Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital's expert surgeon may mostly perform and finish the procedure in half an hour. Our expert surgeon will be able to diagnose the issue and treat it with superior care.
FAQ's - Fistula Surgery
HOW MUCH DOES ANAL FISTULA SURGERY COST IN THE LONG RUN?

The cost of Fistula laser treatment in India is determined primarily by the patient's medical history and the severity of the condition. As a result, it is critical to undergo a diagnostic procedure by an Anal Fistula & Piles Specialist to obtain an estimate of the cost of the Best Fistula Treatment In Mumbai as well as the details of the appropriate treatment format.

RISKS INVOLVED WITH FISTULA.

If a person ignores the stage and condition of a fistula for too long, it can lead to major problems such as infection and sepsis, a deadly condition that can lead to organ damage and death. Thus, we at Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital will put an end to your hunt for the best fistula treatment near me with our Low-cost Fistula Laser Treatment In Mumbai.

WHAT ARE THE NEXT STEPS TO TAKE AFTER AN ANAL FISTULA HAS BEEN TREATED?

Although most fistulas react satisfactorily to surgery, Surgeons from the Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital have created a list of post-surgical precautions.

  • Using a sitz bath to soak the afflicted area in a warm bath.
  • Taking laxatives or stool softeners for a week.
  • Maintaining the specified medication regimen.

To summarise, it is critical to follow all of the regulations to avoid pain, discomfort, or any other complications following recovery after laser fistula surgery.

HOW IS ANAL FISTULA DIAGNOSIS CARRIED OUT?

Our physician will perform a rectal examination under anesthesia after reviewing the medical history and anorectal symptoms. An anal fistula is identified by the presence of heaped up tissue with blood and pus in the external entrance. Our physician may prescribe endoscopic ultrasonography or an MRI to characterise the fistula tract in the case of an unseen fistula.

If Crohn's disease (digestive tract disease) is suspected, the patient may need to have blood tests, an X-ray, and a colonoscopy examination.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ANAL FISTULA

The following are some of the signs and symptoms of an anal fistula:

  • Pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in the anorectal area.
  • Fever.
  • Pain while defecating, coughing, or sitting.
  • Constipation or pain during bowel movements.
  • Urination that hurts.
  • Perianal cutaneous discharge with a foul odour.
  • Rectal bleeding is a common occurrence.
WHAT ARE THE STRESSORS OF LASER FISTULA SURGERY?

Infections: In contrast to traditional surgery, laser surgery for fistulas carries the risk of infection. As a result, before the fistula becomes contagious, it must be entirely removed.

Incontinence: During the operation, the sphincter muscles may be damaged, resulting in bowel incontinence.

Fistula recurrence: The fistula might recur after surgery in some circumstances.

If you detect any of these signs, you should contact Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital’s experts.

WHAT IS THE HEALING PERIOD OF A FISTULA?

Because the first twenty-four hours following laser treatment for fistula in Mumbai are so important, you must rest completely. An anal fistula may take six to eight weeks to fully heal since then. In five to seven days, you can gradually resume your daily tasks and return to your normal activities (schedule).  

WHEN WILL YOU BE ABLE TO RETURN HOME?

You can go home once the anaesthetic wears off if you can take care of yourself, such as eating or peeing. You only need support and advice from someone you know for a maximum of twenty-four hours. Later, Doctors from Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital, Mumbai would recommend various precautions, pain relievers, and laxatives.

PRECAUTIONS

Even if the operation is a success, it is critical to set up a regimen for a thorough recovery. Because minor aches or discomfort may persist for some time after surgery, it is critical to pay close attention to post-surgical care. As a result, the Fistula Specialists at Kapadia Multispeciality Hospital emphasise the following:

  • Warm baths for the affected area 
  • Pain relievers 
  • Stool loosening purgatives for a week 
  • Nutritious and fibre-rich diet
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