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A bone fracture is a condition in which the continuity of a bone is broken, either partially or completely. The bone may be shattered into multiple fragments in more severe situations. A bone fracture can occur as a result of a high-force impact or stress, or as a result of a little trauma.

Types of fracture
  • Avulsion fracture – When a little fragment of bone linked to a tendon or ligament is torn away from the main part of the bone, it is called an avulsion fracture.
  • Comminuted fracture - A comminuted fracture is a broken bone that has been broken in at least two places. It can occur as a result of severe traumas such as car accidents.
  • Fracture dislocation - It a serious injury where both a fracture and a dislocation occur at the same time.
  • Greenstick fracture - When a bone bends and cracks instead of breaking fully into separate pieces, it is called a greenstick fracture.
  • Hairline fracture - A hairline fracture is a small break or serious bruise within a bone, often known as a stress fracture. Athletes, particularly those who participate in sports that require running and jumping, are the most susceptible to this injury.
  • Impacted fracture - The force of the damage jams the shattered ends of the bone together, resulting in an impacted fracture. The fractured ends of the bone are shattered into countless pieces in a comminuted fracture.
  • Intra-articular fracture - It is a fractures in which the fracture line passes into the joint's surface, causing some cartilage injury.
  • Longitudinal fracture - Fractures that happen along or nearly along the axis of the bone are known as longitudinal fractures.
  • Oblique fracture - An oblique fracture occurs when a bone's long axis is broken in the opposite direction.
  • Pathological fracture - When an underlying disease weakens the bone and produces a fracture.
  • Spiral fracture - When one of your bones is shattered in a twisting motion, it results in a fracture. They form a corkscrew-shaped fracture line that loops around your bone.
  • Stress fracture - A small crack in a bone due to repeated stress or force, usually due to misuse.
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Symptoms

The severity of a fracture is determined by the site of the fracture, the person's age and the severity of injury.

People who have a fracture, are likely to have the following symptoms:

Pain
Bruising
Swelling
Discolored skin around the affected area
Bleeding if it is an open fracture
Inability to move the affected area
Inability to put weight on the injured area
Causes

Healthy bones are highly tough and can withstand a remarkable amount of force. They may, however, shatter or break if subjected to significant force.

Bone fractures are caused by physical damage, overuse, and health problems that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis.

With age, a person's bones normally become weaker, which raises the danger of them breaking. As a person grows older, the likelihood of suffering from a fracture also increases.

Diagnosis

The circumstances that lead to a person's fracture will be investigated by a doctor. They'll then conduct a physical examination in order to make a diagnosis.

To completely assess the fracture, they will frequently request an X-ray and, in some situations, an MRI or CT scan.

Dos and Don’ts
Do's
  • Seek medical assistance as soon as possible
  • Visit an orthopaedic doctor
  • Take the pain killers prescribed by the doctor
  • Elevate the injured part
  • Make sure the cast on fingers and toes isn't too tight.
Don’ts
  • Don't attempt to diagnose or treat a broken bone on your own
  • Don't touch the injured area
  • Don't sticking a pen or other things inside the cast to scratch
  • Don't wet the cast
  • Don't attempt to remove your cast on your own.
Treatment

A broken bone is treated usually with a cast or splint. Casts provide strong protection for the break, whereas splints just protect one side, they support and straighten the bone. The bone grows back together after it is healed.

You won't need a cast for tiny bone fractures like your fingers and toes. Before employing a splint, your doctor may bandage the injury.

Your doctor may recommend surgery for some breaks. Prosthesis implantation will be required to hold the bone steady.

At Mumbai's Kapadia Hospital, you'll find the best experienced specialists with significant expertise.

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