Seen very commonly, a swelling in the groin may which appears on standing and reduces on lying down may be an Inguinal hernia.
Both females and males may suffer from Inguinal hernia.
An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak region in the abdominal muscles. However, it doesn’t heals on its own with time and can result in life-threatening consequences if not treated. A surgery is the only cure for inguinal hernia.
There are 2 types of inguinal hernias:
Indirect inguinal hernias: This kind of hernia is caused by a congenital (present at birth) abnormality in the abdominal wall.
Direct inguinal hernias: Men are more likely to get this type of hernia. These are most commonly caused by a long-term weakening in the abdominal wall muscles, as well as straining by heavy lifting.
Hernias can occur on either one or both sides of the abdominal cavity. Because the abdominal wall weakens with ageing, direct inguinal hernias are more probable later in life.
Inguinal hernias are rarely harmful. It can, however, be painful while lifting, straining, bending with a bowel movement, or coughing. Men with compromised abdominal muscles are more likely to develop direct inguinal hernias.
When inguinal hernias first emerge, they may be painless or cause no symptoms. A protrusion on one or both sides of the groin that disappears when lying down is one of the symptoms that can occur later.
Groin pain, particularly while lifting, coughing, or exercising.
In the groin, a sense of weakness, burning or heaviness
A swollen scrotum
How it is treated:
Inguinal hernia repair is a common surgical procedure. Herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty are other terms for inguinal hernia surgery.
There are two types of surgery for treating inguinal hernia- Open surgery and Laparoscopic surgery
Open surgery: This usually entails general anesthesia, which puts the patient to sleep during the surgical procedure. To reach the hernia, the surgeon makes a small incision in the groin. The hernia is subsequently pushed back into the abdomen, and the abdominal wall is strengthened with mesh and stitching.
Laparoscopic surgery: The surgeon first creates multiple small incisions in the lower belly and inserts a laparoscope, a thin, tube-like equipment with a camera, into the incisions. The bulging tissue is then moved back into the abdomen, and the weakening muscle is repaired with mesh. Laparoscopic surgery is not recommended to everyone, particularly those with big hernias. People who have this procedure have a faster recovery time and fewer scarring than those who have open surgery.
To treat the inguinal hernia, the best surgical treatment is offered by Kapadia Hospital in Mumbai.