An incisional hernia can develop after abdominal surgery as a result of a surgical incision. Muscle weakness causes the muscle layers that typically protect, support, and hold the abdominal organs to open up. The abdominal lining or abdominal organs may emerge directly beneath the skin.
Incisional hernias occur when the abdominal muscle weakens as a result of a surgical incision. An incisional hernia can develop for a various reasons; individuals who engage in excessive or premature physical activity following surgery, gain significant weight, pregnancy, or increased abdominal pressure in any other way before the incision is fully healed are particularly vulnerable.
The symptoms for incisional hernia are:
An abdominal lump, protrusion, or soreness at or around the site of a prior incision.
Rapid heart rate
How it is treated:
Incisional hernia can only be treated by surgery. The treatment will also be determined by whether the hernia has harmed the initial surgery's results, necessitating further surgeries before the hernia can be closed.
There are two types of surgery for treating incisional hernia- Open surgery and Laparoscopic surgery
Open surgery: This usually involves general anesthesia, which puts the patient to sleep for the duration of the surgery. The surgeon makes a small incision in the groin to reach the hernia. After that, the hernia is pushed back into the abdomen, and the abdominal wall is reinforced with mesh and stitching.
Laparoscopic surgery: The surgeon makes several small incisions in the lower abdomen before inserting a laparoscope, a thin, tube-like device with a camera, into the incisions. The bulging tissue is then repositioned in the abdomen, and the weakened muscle is reinforced with mesh. Laparoscopic surgery isn't for everyone, especially those with large hernias. People who have this technique recover faster and have less scars than those who undergo open surgery.
To treat the incisional hernia, the best surgical treatment is offered by Kapadia Hospital in Mumbai.