Hip replacement is a surgery in which the damaged parts of your hip joints are removed and replaced with prosthetic implant, also known as a hip prosthesis. A total hip replacement or a hemi (half) replacement are two options for hip replacement surgery. In most cases, joint replacement orthopedic surgery is performed to relieve arthritis discomfort or to treat hip fractures.
When is a hip replacement surgery recommended?
Some of the problems that might cause deterioration to the hip joint and requiring hip replacement surgery include:
Osteoarthritis – Osteoarthritis is a prevalent condition that affects many people as they get older. It can affect any joint in the body, although it most commonly affects weight-bearing joints like the hip. Hip osteoarthritis produces stiffness and pain. It can make simple tasks like bending and walking difficult.
Hip Rheumatoid arthritis - This is a type of arthritis that affects the hip joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory disease characterized by an overactive immune system that erodes cartilage and attacks healthy tissues, as well as underlying bone in some cases, resulting in damaged and deformed joints.
Avascular necrosis (AVN) / Osteonecrosis - The bone may collapse and distort if there isn't adequate blood supply to the ball area of the hip joint. Osteonecrosis can eventually lead to hip joint deterioration and severe arthritis.
Hip injury/Fractures - When the upper section of the thighbone breaks, it is called a hip fracture. Hip fractures can occur in persons of all ages as a result of a significant impact. A fall from a great height is the most common cause of a hip fracture. Standing and twisting might cause a hip fracture in those with very weak bones.
Types of hip replacement surgery:
Total hip replacement surgery – A total hip replacement is by far the most common type of hip replacement surgery, also called total hip arthroplasty. Prosthetic implants are used to replace worn-out or damaged parts of your hip during this procedure. The socket is replaced by a durable plastic cup that might or might not have a titanium metal shell. The head of your femur will be taken out and a ceramic or metal alloy ball will be implanted in its place. A metal stem is placed into the top of your femur, and the replacement ball is affixed to it.
Partial hip replacement - Instead than replacing both sides of the hip joint, partial hip replacement, also known as hemiarthroplasty. Here the surgeon only replaces only one side of the hip joint - the femoral head. This procedure is most commonly used on older people who have suffered a hip fracture.
Hip resurfacing - The femoral head is not removed during hip resurfacing; instead, it is trimmed and covered with a smooth metal covering allowing for more fluid mobility. It employs implants to treat osteoarthritis and other disorders that cause hip pain and stiffness. The surgeon will make an incision through the layers of tissue on front and side of your hip. Damaged bone and cartilage are removed, leaving healthy bone alone. To replace the damaged socket, the prosthetic socket is implanted into your pelvic bone. The prosthetic ball is attached to a stem that fits into your femur and tibia and substitutes your femur's circular ball.
What to expect post-surgery?
You'll be taken to a recovery room for a few hours after surgery until your anesthesia wears off. Your blood pressure, pulse, pain or comfort level, and medication needs will all be monitored by medical personnel.
The length of your stay after surgery is determined by your specific needs. Most people are discharged on the very same day.
A physical therapist (physiotherapist) will assist you with exercises that you will have to do in the hospital and at home to help you heal more quickly.
Physical activity and mobility must be a regular part of your day to restore joint and muscle function. Your physical therapist (physiotherapist) will recommend mobility and strengthening exercises as well as help you learn how to use a walking aid such as a cane, crutches, or walker. As your rehabilitation progresses, you'll typically increase the weight you place on your leg until you're capable of walking without assistance.
At Mumbai's Kapadia Hospital, latest surgical technologies and highly qualified surgeons are there for hip replacement surgery. Make your way to Kapadia Hospital today for the best possible treatment and rehabilitation.