Sports Injury Prevention and Rehabilitation in 5 Stages
25 May 2022
The restoration of the optimal form (anatomy) and function (physiology) is known as rehabilitation.
The purpose of rehabilitation is for a person who has been wounded to regain their full form and function. Sports injuries are prevalent and usually involve the musculoskeletal system- bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and soft tissues all included. All of these components aid in body weight support and movement.
When you've been hurt, you should take extra precautions during your recuperation because one mistake might result in re-injury and a longer healing time. Simple injuries can become chronic as a result of poor recovery, affecting performance and a player's ability to return to the game.
A planned rehabilitation approach is recommended to aid in optimal healing. This entails carefully following particular procedures and exercises. While not every injury can be treated the same, there are certain general recommendations you should follow to increase your chances of a good recovery.
In this blog post, we have explained the process of rehabilitation:
Phase 1- Rest and Protect the Injury
The only goal in the first phase of rehabilitation is to alleviate pain symptoms, offload any movement, rest the injured area, and protect it from further trauma.
Rest does not always imply bed rest or total cessation of everyday activity. According to research, it is critical to continue to engage in functional movement in various ways. Just keep in mind that your level of activity will be reduced, and the activities themselves will be changed to relieve pressure on the damaged area.
Phase 2- Mobility and Movement
Joint mobility and range of motion are essential for muscular strength. Muscles and joints work together to flex, stretch, strain, and respond. The wounded area is likely to feel stiff after an accident, whether owing to tissue repair or simply inactivity and moving it may cause some discomfort or pain at first. The goal of this phase of rehabilitation is to regain joint flexibility and mobility.
A physical therapist (physiotherapist) will utilize muscle stretching, flexibility training, and therapeutic exercise to restore mobility and range of motion. You can restore movement and mobility to the damaged area by doing a few basic workouts and exercises at home.
Phase 3- Strength and Stamina
The subsequent stage of rehabilitation focuses on regaining muscle strength, endurance, and stamina.
Simple bodyweight exercises can help an individual athlete regain mid-body connectivity, while isometric exercises can help rebuild strength in a specific location. Once you're ready, low-load exercises or even novel modalities like blood flow restriction therapy can be used to generate high muscular weariness. As breath is such an important part of endurance and strength, a physical therapist (physiotherapist) will use signals during training to ensure that a patient is keeping proper exercise form and posture without gasping for air indicating that the patient has been overworked.
Phase 4- Reconnecting to Coordination
Sports-related injuries can occasionally affect our proprioception, the rehabilitation of sports injuries should address reconnecting and coordination next.
Trauma to the musculoskeletal system can often throw our spatial awareness and coordination off following an acute injury. We usually associate these issues with concussions, but even hip joint injuries or healing from a knee injury like an ACL surgery can alter our body's balance, coordination, and muscular motions. Exercises and motions designed to restore neuromuscular control may be included in your physical therapy (physiotherapy).
You'll bring all of your progressive healing and gains together at this level of rehabilitation to get back to performing sophisticated sport-specific motions. Athletic trainers with a background in physical therapy will assist you to perform exercises in the context of their sport.
If this is the site of your injury, your sport-specific training will focus on avoiding the same conditions or motions that first caused the damage or aggravated the area. Only by concentrating on mastering sport-specific technical motions under the supervision of an expert and compassionate physical therapist can you anticipate a safe return to competition.
It is important to seek medical advice from a reliable and effective source; the Kapadia Hospital is one such source that has the best orthopedic doctor in Mumbai. We have highly skilled surgeons with sports injury experience, ensuring that you get the best treatment in Mumbai.